Advantages and Disadvantages of using Django framework in web development
Django is a free and open-source web framework based on Python that allows us to build complex, database-driven websites. It is the most popular Python web framework. Some of the best Django apps are Pinterest, The Washington Post, Dropbox, and Spotify.
Still, confused about using Django in web development? Check out this tutorial to collect some great advantages and disadvantages of using it to create your project.
Let’s start, with the Advantages and Disadvantages of using the Django framework.
Advantages of using Django framework :
The Model View Template Architecture used in Django.
The Model-View-Template (MVT) architecture is used by Django. Model, View, and Template are the three most important components. These three layers are in charge of different tasks and can use separately.
The Model aids in the management of databases. It’s a data access layer that includes the fields and actions that the data you’re storing requires. There isn’t a single application that doesn’t use a database. PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, and Oracle are the four databases that the Django framework officially supports.
A model is a Python class that has no idea about the other Django levels. The only way to communicate across levels is through an application programming interface (API). Models assist developers in performing CRUD activities (create, read, update, and delete) in the original database. They also store business logic, custom methods, properties, and other data manipulation-related items.
The view retrieves the data from a model. Then it either offers each template access to specific data to display or processes data ahead of time. It accepts HTTP requests, processes those using Python classes and methods, and then returns HTTP responses to the clients.
The Template is a presentation layer that takes care of the entire User Interface. A HTML code file renders data using HTML code. What is the purpose of MVT? We have data, layout, and logic for a web application. We can sometimes combine all of these into a single file.
However, it is always better to use these three components separately for large web applications. That is why we employ the Model-View-Template design pattern. in, software development, it is referred to being the separation of concerns. The model will deal with information, the View with logic, and the Template with layouts. In addition, MVT design simplifies and speeds up the entire process of delivering data over the Internet.
Django framework is a very secure programming language.
When we create web applications with Django, it ensures that developers do not make security blunders. Even with the user authentication mechanism, finding security flaws in it will be challenging. The framework protects against XSS and CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) attacks, SQL injections, Clickjacking, and other typical security threats.
Django’s user authentication system is also reliable for managing usernames and passwords, it also hides the source code of your website. It is better than PHP in detecting some common security flaws and it automatically encrypts passwords and all essential information with a security key while transmitting data.
Python is used to power Django.
Python is one of the most popular and powerful programming languages due to its simplicity of learning. It is currently the most popular programming language, and Django is the ideal web development platform for Pythonistas. Everything in Django is explicit, as per the Zen of Python, where explicit is always preferable to implicit. The Zen of Python is a set of guiding ideas for designing computer programs that have influenced the Python programming language’s architecture.
In Django, you must first configure it. It’s the polar opposite of configuration over convention. It will be quite simple to learn for programmers who are already familiar with Python. Despite the fact that the Flask web framework is easier to use than Django, it is not the best framework for developing large-scale online applications. For increasingly complicated web apps, Django is the finest framework.
The major design idea behind the creation of Python is that it is very easy to read. You will enjoy Django if you are a fan of that ideology. Python is the most widely use language in the AI industry, therefore, integrating machine learning capabilities into your web applications will be simple.
Django comes with a built-in admin panel.
I created a web application as part of my college mini-project for my CS degree. I was using PHP at the time, and I built the web app’s admin interface from the ground up. Admin panels are plan to help the management of your application. When I discovered that Django automatically generates an admin interface, it blew my mind. To make it, you don’t need to write any code.
It provides everything by default, which saves a lot of time during development. With Django, you may customize the admin panel with third-party wrappers and create dashboards that are specific to your needs. In addition, thanks to third-party applications, there is a lot of room for customization in the Django admin interface.
Creating an admin panel from scratch is unnecessary and time-consuming. So, if you’re using Django, having a default admin panel is a huge plus. When I learned the power of Django, I switched from PHP to Django as my server-side language. Even though there is a minor learning curve, if you get through that period,
it will be simple. The Django framework is designed for deadline-driven perfectionists. It is the ideal web development framework for you if you’re a programmer like that.
Django framework has a Fantastic Library System.
For completing common tasks, each programming language or framework has its own set of libraries. A software library is a collection of applications and software packages that are made widely available for immediate use, frequently by loading and storing them on a disc. Pre-written code, classes, methods, configuration data, and more are all included.
A software library allows you to extend the functionality of a program or automate a process without having to write additional code. It saves a lot of time during development. Python is a powerful programming language with numerous libraries. It, too, has a plethora of libraries to make your life easier.
Django framework is Search Engine Optimization Friendly (SEO)
It even has a tool for managing robots.txt files. When it comes to SEO, though, it may not be as good as WordPress (the most popular CMS platform for blogging).
However, when compared to other web development frameworks, Django is one of the best for search engine optimization. SEO experts are surprise by the power of the Django CMS. You can make understandable website URLs and links with Django by employing the most relevant keywords (don’t stuff them) and SEO best practices.
Django comes with an Object Relational Mapper (ORM)
Django ORM provides an intuitive and powerful Object-Oriented mechanism to communicate with the database. ORM is a library that converts data from databases into objects that can be utilized in application code. To build tables and insert data, you don’t need to write specialized SQL queries. that time a class is defined, ORM automatically creates a table. All the variables in the class have fields in this table. When we create objects, the table also adds rows automatically.
ORM is a fantastic notion that allows you to generate tables straight from classes and then populate them with data using class objects. The ability of the Django ORM to extract data speeds up the building of web applications. It also enables developers to create working prototypes in a short period of time. To manipulate data, developers do not need to know the database communication language, such as the Structured Query Language (SQL).
Django ORM is compatible with a number of major databases, but its main advantage is that it allows developers to work with many databases at the same time. The ORM in Django allows developers to move between relational databases with little code change.
It allows you to migrate from one database to another and execute typical operations without writing a lot of extra code.
Django Allows for Quick Development.
This assists developers in creating applications as quickly as possible. It aids in the development of cost-effective and efficient online applications. As a result, it becomes a perfect choice for programmers on a tight schedule. Its MVT architecture allows us to work on multiple components at the same time and integrate them more effectively.
Python code is also simple to write because it does not require many rules. Django’s built-in functionality can construct web applications for any industry. It encourages developers to reuse code they’ve written for other projects, lowering the amount of time it takes to develop your product even further. The program is updated on a regular basis, and new packages are published to make working with it even easier.
Django is a Scalable Framework.
It’s yet another advantage of utilizing Django to create web apps. Development can be scaled up or down, depending on your individual product requirements, changing the quantity and complexity of Django components as needed. It is capable of handling any hardware upgrades. It’s also capable of handling high traffic volumes. It’s why sites like Instagram, Pinterest, and Disqus, among others, employ the Django framework.
Django can manage more than 400 million users’ traffic and mobile app API usage, allowing for maximum scalability while lowering web hosting costs. It comes with a lot of third-party apps. Depending on the project’s needs, these applications can be incorporated. Django is designed to be pluggable. Developers can enhance web applications by adding plugins Plugins are software components that allow developers to add a specific function to an app, giving them a lot of flexibility.
Hundreds of packages are available for a variety of uses. There are numerous bundles available here. You can even unplug some components and replace them with others that match your present needs if you want to scale your project in the future.
Django’s scalability makes it one of the greatest alternatives in the software world for many large-scale online projects.
Django’s documentation and tutorials are excellent.
There is a lot of helpful documentation for the Django framework. A lot of content for learning Django is also freely available online in the form of articles, tutorials, and video courses. As a result, locating high-quality learning materials is not a problem.
The official Django documentation is of rather high quality. The framework offers fantastic community support, with many developers willing to assist newcomers. It has gone through substantial stages of progress in the past. When you’re attempting to figure out how something should function in Django, you’ll usually be able to figure it out very quickly.
Thousands of Django developers have probably previously addressed your concern, and you can find a solution from the enthusiastic Django community.as a result you won’t get trapped learning Django. You will never walk alone, as Liverpool F.C. supporters say.
Django adheres to the Batteries-Included philosophy.
Python’s “batteries-included” principle is followed by Django. What exactly does that imply? It means that Django comes with all the resources needed by developers. The framework comes with a robust and comprehensive standard library that may be used right away without the need for the user to download additional packages.
It provides essential tools for building rich, sophisticated systems using open-source solutions. Django’s batteries include Django ORM, Middlewares, Authentication, HTTP libraries, Multi-site support, Django Admin, template engine, and more. The batteries-included technique aids developers in considerably reducing web application development time.
Disadvantages of using Django framework :
There are no conventions.
Because of the lack of norms, most programmers despise Django web development. Unlike Ruby on Rails, the framework does not have a set of web development principles that developers can follow.
For developers who have worked on frameworks that use Convention over Configuration, this makes things more challenging.
Configuring on-the-fly frequently results in mismatched components, which many developers dislike. This was a challenge for early Django developers. Because everything has to be defined as development proceeds, the pace of development might sometimes be significantly slower than expected.
It is not appropriate for minor tasks
Smaller projects and products with only a few features and needs are not fit for the Django web framework. Django requires a lot of coding, which consumes server processing time and bandwidth while it is being developed. It’s usually reserved for projects that need to scale or will be introduced on a massive scale.
For small projects, web development with Django is tough, since the framework’s unique functionalities can be confusing to developers. Small-scale developers aren’t interested in using a high-end framework. They can quickly construct their application using Ruby on Rails. Only scalable applications must use Django in this sense.
The framework that is monolithic
Django’s framework is monolithic, despite all the “batteries supplied.” It has a low dependency count, which makes it challenging to use. Django programmers treat the framework as if it were a single package, which isn’t ideal.
Developers will have to create more code if Django has fewer dependencies. It discourages programmers from learning Python packages and tools. This Django development instead focuses on giving programmers more and more code-oriented programming. The Framework makes it simple to use libraries, but many developers make the mistake of treating it as a single package for web development.
There is a steep learning curve
The high learning curve of the Django web framework is one of its main drawbacks. but, it is a straightforward and straightforward framework, it is written in Python, making it tough to grasp. Django has a lot of capabilities and setting options that developers may not be familiar with.
Switching from another language to Python development with Django is often more difficult for developers. Because of Python, the framework has a unique syntax that developers struggle to grasp. Before they can become experts in it, they must learn it for a long time. Despite the fact that the framework is old and evolves slowly, it remains one of the most difficult to understand.
The issue of several requests
Django is unique among frameworks, although this might be a disadvantage at times. It, unlike most web development frameworks, cannot handle many requests at the same time. They are requests for specific operations, and each request takes time to complete.
In this regard, Django falls short of providing rapid development. Almost all frameworks on the market allow you to manage numerous requests. It does not enable multiple requests because it encourages Django developers to investigate and make decisions about specific processes.
The multiple benefits of developing websites with Python and the Django framework explain in three words: less effort, less time, and less money. It may use to start a small, simple project and then expand upon it as the project expands, providing great quality, functionality, and security. You can also use it to test a concept and save a lot of money if the project turns out to be unworthy of your time and money.
Django, on the other hand, as one of the most popular web development frameworks, allows you to create a complex web application that can handle high traffic and large amounts of data. It also includes a number of packages that include extra tools to help with cutting-edge technologies like data analysis and machine learning. Django is a great choice for any kind of software project.
Read more: Laravel’s role in web development